Pradhan Mantri Yojna:-
Prime Minister Narendra Modi on 1st May, 2016 has launched Rs. 8,000 crore scheme to provide 5 crore free LPG connections to below Poverty Line (BPL) families using the money saved from 1.13 crore cooking gas users voluntarily giving up their subsidies.
The scheme is called Pradhan Mantri Ujjwala Yojana and Mr. Modi has launched it on 1st May, 2016 at Ballia in Uttar Pradesh and is going to be launch in Dahod in Gujarat on 15th May, 2016.
The ‘Give-it-Up’ campaign seeking the well-heeled to voluntarily surrender cooking gas subsidies for one year was launched in January,2015. Since the launch, 1.13 crore people have given-up LPG subsidies and are buying cooking gas at market price. The Importance of PMUJ scheme is that poor have limited access to Clean fuel (LPG) , LPG spread predominantly in urban and semi urban areas, use of fossil fuels and conventional fuel like cowdung has a serious health
implications for women and Children. According to the experts, open fires in kitchen are equal to burning about 400 cigarettes in an hour. According to WHO, 5 Lakhs die every year due to heart disease, pulmonary diseases etc.Indoor air pollution is also responsible for significant number of acute respiratory diseases in young children. It will create awareness about its cost and
health benefits . It will also introduce small cylinders of 2-5kg. It will create 1 lacks jobs in rural areas.innovation of distribution.It will introduce mobile money for bill payments. High cost-biomass is cheaper than LPG.Limited LPG distribution in remote and rural areas. Lack of awareness 40% of LPG deprived houses has no information about LPG connection process. Administrative issues-if no residential proofs. There is problem in getting connections.
Objectives Of Pradhan Mantri Yojna are:-
Empowering women and protecting their health.
- Assisting in cutting short the issue of the air pollution due to use of fossil fuel.
- Reducing the serious health hazards associated with cooking based on fossil fuels.
- Reducing the number of deaths in India due to unclean cooking fuels, which is about 5 lakh every year in India.
- Preventing young children from significant number of acute respiratory illnesses caused due to indoor air pollution by burning the fossil fuels.
Cuban- American Relations:-
Cuba is a sovereign state comprising the island of Cuba and it is located in in the northern caribbean where the Caribbean Sea, the Gulf Of Mexico and the Atlantic Ocean meet. Havana is the largest city and capital of the country.Cuba is the largest island in the Caribbean, with an area of 109,884 square kilometres. Cuba is considered part of Latin America. It is a multi-ethnic country whose people, culture and customs derive from diverse origins.Cuba is a developing country with a planned economy that is dominated by the exports of sugar, tobacco, coffee and skilled labour. It ranks highly in some metrics of national performance, including health care and education.
For decades, these two countries have framed their relationship as a conflict of opposites. It is a war of Communism vs Capitalism. On 25th March, 2016 U.S President Barack Obama visited Cuba and the two leaders met to talk about trade and held a joint news conference.The first formal meeting of Presidents Obama and Castro at a regional summit in Panama and the opening of embassies in Havana and Washington DC. There have been a series of other agreements between the two countries have been signed,including commercial deals on telecoms and a scheduled airline service, increased co-operation on law enforcement and environmental protection.
The Maritime India Summit 2016 :-
The maritime India Summit 2016 was held in Mumbai from 14 to 16th April, 2016. It was an achievement in terms of maritime investments attracted and business agreement signed.The Indian Maritime University premier Central University for Maritime education had signed four Memoranda Of Understanding i.e. MOUs on this occasion with premier universities in the presence of Nitin Gadkari on labour Union Ministry of shipping road transport and highways. Maritime India Summit 2016 (MIS 2016) is a maiden flagship initiative of the Ministry of Shipping, Government of India that provides a unique level for participants to explore business opportunities in Indian Maritime Sector. MIS 2016 was organised from April 14-16th, 2016 in Mumbai, India and had conference, exhibition and demo sessions.
This Summit will attract more than 2000 participants, including senior government officials and policy makers, CEOs of Indian and global Maritime industry, industry experts, thought leaders and distinguished speakers from across the world.
The Summit exhibits amazing investment opportunities :-
- Shipbuilding, Ship Repair and Ship Recycling
- Port Modernization and New Port Development
- Port-based Industrial Development, Port-based Smart Cities and Maritime Cluster Development
- Hinterland Connectivity Projects and Multi-Modal Logistics Hubs
- Inland Waterways and Coastal Shipping for Cargo and Passenger movement
- Lighthouse Tourism and Cruise Shipping
- Renewable Energy Projects in Ports
- Other Maritime Sector related services (Financing, Legal, Design etc.)
Science and Technology :-
Fellows of The Royal Society:-
The Royal Society :-The Royal Society is a self-governing fellowship society of the world’s most distinguished scientists drawn from all departments of science, medicine and engineering. It is the world’s oldest scientific academy and still in existence . It was established in 1660 and its mission is to recognise, support and promote excellence in terms of science and to promote the development and use of science for the benefit of humanity. The Royal Society elects new fellows and foreign members every year who have made substantial contribution to the improvement of natural knowledge, including engineering science, mathematics and medical science. Since it is a foundation and about 8,000 fellows have been elected with persons of Indian origin numbering about 60. First Indian fellow to get elected was Ardaseer Cursetjee, an engineer, in 1841 and the second one was Srinivasa Ramanujan, autodidact mathematician in 1918.
Physicist Sriram Ramaswamy, Director of TIFR Centre for Interdisciplinary Sciences, Hyderabad; biochemist Ramanujan Hegde, MRC Laboratory of Microbiology, U.K. and applied mathematician Lakshminarayanan Mahadevan, Harvard University have earned the top honour.
- Commonwealth Physicist Sriram Ramaswamy :- He is a professor in Bengaluru based Indian Institute of Science (IISc) and director of TIFR Centre for Interdisciplinary Sciences, Hyderabad. He mainly works on two broad areas:
a.) non-living imitations of self-propulsion
b.)and collective movement of self-propelled (“active”) matter through fluids
- Biochemist Ramanujan Hegde:- At present Mr. Ramanujan Hegde works at MRC Laboratory of Microbiology, UK. He is in scientific research and mainly deals with humans’ understanding of how newly made proteins are localised correctly inside cells.
- Applied mathematician Lakshminarayanan Mahadevan:- He had studied from IIT-Madras. He is in scientific department and deals with understanding geometrical and dynamical patterns of shape and flow in biological and physical matter.
Arts, Culture And Awards News:-
47th Dadasaheb Phalke Award:-
Veteran actor and director Manoj Kumar will be conferred the 47th Dadasaheb Phalke Award for the year 2015. The award was given by the centre for outstanding contribution to the growth and development of Indian Cinema and consists of a Swarn Kamal (Golden Lotus), a cash prize of Rs 10 lakh and a shawl. The award is given on the basis of recommendations of a committee of renowned personalities set up by the centre. This year, a five-member jury comprising Lata Mangeshkar, Asha Bhosle, Salim Khan, Nitin Mukesh and Anup Jalota have recommended Kumar’s name for the award.
Manoj Kumar was born in July 1937 in Abbottabad, then part of pre-Independent India. When he was at the age of 10, his family shifted to Delhi. After having graduation from Hindu College, University of Delhi,he decided to enter the film industry. After making a début with Fashion in 1957, Manoj Kumar got his first lead role in Kaanch Ki Gudia in 1960. In the following years, he played most memorable and challenging roles in films like Hariyali Aur Raasta, Woh Kaun Thi?, Himalaya Ki God Mein, Do Badan, Upkar, Patthar Ke Sanam, Neel Kamal, Purab Aur Paschim, Roti Kapda Aur Makaan and Kranti. Do Badan was remembered for Raj Khosla’s direction and Manoj Kumar’s performance was outstanding in the film by Ravi and songs composed by lyricist Shakeel Badayuni.
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