P.M Narendra Modi tour – five countries
- P.M Narendra Modi is expected to feature India’s application to NSG(nuclear supplier . group) while meeting NSG members during his visit to five countries i.e. Afghanistan, Qatar, Switzerland, the U.S and Mexico
- The Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s first destination was Afghanistan on 4th June,2016.
- Modi met Afghanistan’s President Ashraf Ghani and inaugurated Afghan-Indian friendship Dam, which was earlier known as Salma Dam in Herat province on 4th June, 2016.
- From Afghanistan, Modi was gone for an energy-rich country Qatar on 5th June, 2016.
- From Qatar, P.M travelled to Switzerland and met Switzerland’s President Johann Schneider on 5th June, 2016.
- Indian Government is expected to engage in the automatic exchange of information with Switzerland.
- Although, the prime objective of this trip is the membership of NSG.
- India is formally applied for the membership of the NSG on 12th May, 2016.
- On 6th June, 2016, he travelled for a two-day visit to the U.S.
- After attending the joint session of the US congress meeting, Modi will leave on 8th June, 2016.
- On 8th June, 2016, The Prime Minister will reach Mexico at the invitation of Mexican President Enrique Pena Nieto.
- India-Mexico will discuss various multilateral issues during the visit.
- The PM will come back to India on 9th June, 2016.
Automatic fan and Light system – New Delhi railway Station
- An automated light and fan control system has been launched at the New delhi Railway station on 31st May, 2016.
- The new system of fans and lights at all platforms can be controlled from one monitor using GPRS technology.
- It contains an electrical command centre.
- And the distribution boxes can be controlled with the help of GPRS(General Packet radio Service).
- Particular icons were created on computer screens for each box, which shows the status of the box if these are switch on/off and working/malfunctioning.
- This system is entirely wireless technology.
- It takes around 40 seconds to follow the operational command.
- These boxes at the station are monitored 24*7.
- The system follows general scheduling, pre set according to the time of the day but can be changed at any time.
- There is also a provision of using limited fans and lights.
- A parallel system has also been installed which helps to control power generation and online generation.
Plain packaging of tobacco
- a) On World No tobacco day i.e. 31st May, 2016, World Health Organisation (WHO) is creating awareness to introduce plain packaging of tobacco which refers “strict prohibition”.
- b) According to WHO and (WHO FCTC) (WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control Secretariat), by implementing plain packaging the sales of tobacco products will be decreased in demand and thus saving lives.
- c) Under this restriction on use of logos, colours,brand images and promotional features on packaging and standard colour and font style is laid attention.
- d) “Plain packaging reduces the glamour and restricts tobacco advertising and promotion.
- e) This was done on the occasion of ‘World No Tobacco Day’ that is observed on 31st may worldwide.
- f) About 6 million people die annually due to use of tobacco and tobacco-related diseases, that is approximately 1 person in every 6 seconds.
- g) This year theme was- ‘Get ready for plain packaging’ .
- h) Australia became 1st country to fully implement plain packaging in december 2012
Training contract – Big data
- India’s NIIT is going to train 50,000 chinese students over the five years on Big data. This training contract was signed in Guiyang, China.
- ‘Big Data’ Refers to massive gathering of information from multiple sources and domains.
- Guiyang in southwest china is referred as ‘big data’ hub.
- According to National Institute of Information Technology (NIIT)’ point person Santy they are all set to build the infrastructure to meet the challenging contract.
- A meeting of chinese prime minister Li Keqiang was held with top cyber entrepreneurs including michael dell (CEO of dell computers.)Terry Gou (Foxconn Technology Group) and NIIT’s Global head Rahul Patwardhan regarding several factors including inculcation of data reservoirs.
- Guiyang City Has been chosen because several factors have gone in favour of city like ‘Mild Climate’ , ‘Plentiful Of power’, ‘Low cost of establishment of businesses’ and also ‘transportation’
- The economy has so far been dependent on production of coal, fertilisers, tyres and the famous Maotai liquor and this step will allow to switch to other modes to build economy.
- Also china is suffering from major shortage of trained programmers and on the other hand NIIT is leading on digital trainers, so this contract will be serving on both ends.
India’s GDP (Gross Domestic Product) grew 7.9 % in the fourth quarter of 2015-16
- According to data released by the Central Statistics Office (CSO) 7.9 per cent growth in the fourth quarter has been recorded .
- In this, the farm sector grew by 2.3% as compared 1.0% in contraction of December quarter .
- The % growth of Mining was 8.6% in the March quarter from 7.1% in the previous quarter.
- Electricity, water and gas production growth surged to 9.3 per cent from 5.6 % in the December quarter.
- According to CSO it has revised the GDP data for the first 3 quarters released earlier from 7.6 %, 7.7 % and 7.3% to 7.5%, 7.6 % and 7.2%, respectively.
- Also, the growth of in the “agriculture, forestry and fishing” sector was revised upwards to 1.2% in 2015-16 as compared to 1.1 % in the advance estimates for the same period
- The Economic Survey had projected a wide band of 7-7.75 % growth in 2016-17,
- Also according to RBI in its April monetary policy review number of factors could impinge upon the growth outlook for the current fiscal.
Equalisation levy- a Tax on cross-border digital services
- The Government announced on 31st May, 2016 that it will be implementing an equalisation levy, a tax on cross-border digital services from 1st june, 2016.
- 6 per cent on services pertaining to cross border digital transactions will come into effect from 1st June, 2016.
- According to C A Gupta, Partner, Deloitte Haskins and Sells, equalisation levy is leviable only on payments relating to online advertisements,
- The Central Board of Direct Taxes (CBDT) has notified the rules for equalisation levy and said the tax will come into force from 1st June, 2016.
Energy security and climate change – Agreement
- India has signed the pact with U.S to promote cooperation in energy security and climate change.
- In order to boost relations to a new level and to enhance cooperation in energy security and climate change, this pact has been signed.
- The objective of this project was to promote sustainable growth.
- A Memorandum of Understanding (MoU)was signed in New Delhi, India between the Government of India and the United States on 2nd June, 2016 to promote cooperation in energy security, clean energy and climate change.
- The agreement was signed in the presence of Power Secretary P K Pujari and US Ambassador to India Richard R Verma .
- The efforts of the Indian government were appreciated .
- The objective of the pact is to boost energy ties between the two countries through increased bilateral engagement and further joint initiatives.
- In this clean energy technologies in both countries will be shared.
- This will pave the way for the rise in greenhouse gas emissions.
- Promoting Energy Access through Clean Energy (PEACE) expansion will be the key feature of the pact.
- Sunrisers Hyderabad won IPL 9 title for the first time on 29th May, 2016.
- In IPL tournament final match ‘Sunrisers Hyderabad’ defeated ‘Royal Challengers’ by 8 runs to become champions of ‘VIVO IPL 2016’ on 29th may.
- Sunrisers hyderabad batting first after winning the toss put up 209 runs on the board for RCB to chase.
- Sunrisers hyderabad ( 208-7 in 20.0 Overs) beat Royal challengers bangalore (200-7 in 20.0 Overs) by 8runs.
- Man of the Match was awarded to Ben cutting for his 39 not out in 15 ball & 35/2.
- Most Runs ( Orange cap holder) scored by Virat Kohli (973 runs in 16 innings) from RCB.
- Most number of Hundreds scored by Virat Kohli ( 4 hundreds in 16 innings)
- Highest score by AB De Villiers ( 129 off 52 balls)
- Most Wickets (Purple cap holder)took by Bhuvneshwar kumar(23 wickets in 17 innings) from Sunrisers Hyderabad.
- Best bowling figures- Adam Zampa(4 overs-6 wickets-19 runs).
Alastair Cook – scored 10,000 in test match
- On 30th May, 2016, England defeated Sri Lanka with the series score 2-0 in which Alastair Cook became the first England batsman who scored 10,000 in test match.
- In the second test against Sri Lanka England skipper Alastair Cook became the first ever English batsman to score 10,000 runs in test career.
- Alastair made his test debut with104 against India at Nagpur in the year 2006.
- Alastair Scored 766 runs in seven innings during the 2010-2011 ashes tour and lead England to win their first series win in Australia for 24 years.
- He was named with International Cricket Council’s Test Cricketer of the Year in 2011.
- He Succeeded Andrew Strauss as ODI skipper in 2011 and became permanent test captain in 2012.
- Earlier he became the youngest player to pass the 7000 run mark .He was also named as one of Wisden’s Cricketer of the Year in 2012.
- Also he ended as the third-highest test run scorer in 2015 with 1,364 at an average of 54.56.
- He is also the youngest player to do so at 31 years and 157 days old, beating the previous record of India’s great Sachin Tendulkar (31 years and 326 days).
Science And Technology News:-
‘facebook live’ video chat technology to talk International Space Station
- Facebook founder Mark Zuckerberg revealed a new technology on 1st June, 2016 by which astronauts can do converse from the International Space Station through Facebook video broadcast.
- Mark Zuckerberg launched live Earth to space call with three astronauts who are on board of ISS ( International Space Station) through new technology called ‘facebook live’ as mentioned by NASA.
- Facebook Live enables users to do live video broadcasts in groups and events.
- Zuckerberg had a 20 minute call with astronauts Tim peake(ESA), Tim kopra (nasa) and Jeff Williams (NASA).
- The Upcoming call of zuckerberg and astronauts can be viewed via NASA official Facebook page on 1st June, 2016.
The Hague Code of Conduct
- India joined the The Hague Code of Conduct against Ballistic Missile Proliferation (HCOC)
- India became the 138th country to subscribe to the Hague Code of Conduct against Ballistic Missile Proliferation (HCOC).
- This step taken by India is cordially welcomed by U.S.
- The United States welcomes this step by India and calls on all countries who have not yet done so to subscribe to the HCOC.
- The HCOC is a voluntary mechanism that has built a broad international predisposition against ballistic missile proliferation and promotes transparency and confidence building, including through the Subscribing States’ commitment to submit pre-launch notifications and annual declarations of their relevant policies.
- India’s subscription reinforces its support for International missile nonproliferation and will help increase transparency and strengthen security.
Arts, Awards And Technology News:-
South Korea’s 2018 Pyeongchang Winter Olympics
- On 2nd June, 2016, White tiger cub named ‘soohorang’ was presented as the official mascot for south korea’s 2018 Pyeongchang Winter Olympics.
- The new mascot white tiger named “SOOHORANG” for the olympic winter games pyeongchang 2018 has been approved by the IOC executive board.
- The white tiger is closely associated with korean mythology and culture.
- The white tiger was considered as a guardian of country that protected the country.
- In the name “Soohorang” “Sooho” means “protection” and “rang” means ”tiger”
- The Chair of the IOC Coordination Commission for the Olympic Winter Games PyeongChang 2018 is IOC Member Gunilla Lindberg.
- The first mascot created was ‘a dachshund’ for 1972 Munich Games.
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